From IVAO North Atlantic Wiki
Revision as of 23:37, 2 December 2020 by Shaun.ellis
This page covers procedures for New York Oceanic FIR.
- 1 Purpose
- 2 Description of Airspace and Sectors
- 3 Designation of Oceanic Airspace
- 4 Coordination With Oceanic Units
- 5 ATIS
- 6 Bermuda
This page establishes standard procedures for the control of the North Atlantic HLA airspace by Nyew York Oceanic FIR including coordination and transfer of control of flights and delegation of airspace between the two units.
Description of Airspace and Sectors
NY Oceanic is responsible for the airspace bordering along the east coast of the United States, Gander and Shanwick in the north, Santa Maria in the east, as well as Piarco and San Juan in the south.
|New York Radio||120.1 MHz (12010.0 kHz)||KZWY_CTR||ZWY|
Designation of Oceanic Airspace
Aircraft operating in the New York Oceanic CTA/FIR, excluding that portion of the airspace delegated to NAVCANADA can expect to receive ATC services associated with the following types of airspace areas and associated altitudes:
- Class G—below FL 55; - Class A—FL 55 to FL 600, inclusive; - Class E—above FL 600.
Coordination With Oceanic Units
|Santa Maria Radio
|HHandoffs to and from New York should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur on the 40W Meridian.|
|Shanwick/Gander Master Position
|Handoffs to and from Shanwick/Gander should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur on the 45th Parallel. Shanwick and Gander might be open as standalone sectors after the Master Position is open.|
|Handoffs to and from Piarco Control should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur when crossing the border|
When controlling Oceanic please use this ATIS:
Datalink in use/ Clearance to be obtained NO LATER than 30 Mins prior to Entry/ Position reports mandatory and to include: Callsign, Waypoint, Time, FL, Mach, NAME+ETA of next waypoint/ Name ONLY of waypoint thereafter/ For further Info please consult occ.ivao.aero
Located in the heart of the Atlantic Ocean, Bermuda Islands is a facility controlled by local control and radar service (CTR/APP). Its airspace handles in- and out bounds from Bermuda only, however the call sign remains associated with New York. Flights trespassing this airspace are handled by New York Oceanic.\
|ICAO ID||CALLSIGN||IVAO LOGIN||FREQ|
Stations acts as CTR and APP control for Bermuda Arrivals and Departures ONLY / Airspace: 4000-FL500 / 178NM radius
In general, enroute ATS procedures are in conformity with the ICAO standards and recommended practices and procedures, as laid down in Annex 11 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation and PANS/RAC Doc 4444-RAC/501.
All flights at or above FL180 within the NY Oceanic CTA/FIR shall be in accordance with Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). Consequently, all civil aircraft operating into and out of Bermuda must do so in accordance with IFR.
HOLDING, APPROACH AND DEPARTURE PROCEDURES
Holding, Approach and Departure Procedures are developed in accordance with PANS-OPS design criteria and published by Jeppesen. All IFR departure procedures and separation standards applied by NY ARTCC are in accordance with the FAA Handbook 7110.65. In addition:
A. All IFR flights departing Bermuda will be issued an ATC clearance including climb instructions to be issued by NY ARTCC and transmitted by Bermuda Control Tower on a specified frequency for ATC clearance.
B. All IFR departures will generally be cleared up to FL250 and to fly runway heading until given a turn on course by NY ARTCC.
C. When congestion of inbound IFR traffic exists, NY ARTCC may instruct a departing aircraft to make an off-course climb for a specific distance and/or to a specific altitude.
PROCEDURE LIMITATIONS AND OPTIONS
All aircraft operating into and out of L. F. Wade International Airport are required to operate under IFR. NY ARTCC provides IFR ATC Service.
Bermuda Control Zone is that airspace within a 4.4 NM radius of L. F. Wade International Airport ARP extending from the surface up to and including 2500 feet AGL. The control zone extends out to 7 NM for 1.7 NM either side of the 114-, 117-, and 301-degree radials of the BDA VOR/DME. The Bermuda TMA is classified as Class E airspace. The L. F. Wade International Airport control zone is classified as Class D airspace, which reverts to Class E airspace after 2300 hrs closure. NOTE: Class D airspace reverts to Class E airspace during uncontrolled operations.
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS AND REGULATIONS
Aircraft arriving and departing Bermuda operate in the NY Oceanic CTA/FIR.
North Atlantic (NAT) regional procedures supplementary to the provisions contained in Annex 2, Annex 6 – Parts I and II, Annex 11, PANS-RAC (Doc 4444) and PANS-OPS (Doc 8168) do not apply in the Bermuda TMA.
DIFFERENCES FROM ICAO STANDARDS AND PROCEDURES
Bermuda is not a contracting State with ICAO. Differences from ICAO standards, recommended practices and procedures are disseminated for Bermuda by the United Kingdom.