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LPPO Controller

From IVAO North Atlantic Wiki

This page covers procedures for Santa Maria FIR, with a special focus on the Oceanic Portion

Before attempting to connect to any oceanic position all controllers, regardless of division of origin, must complete oceanic training which is offered by the Portuguese Division. Upon completion of this training the controller will be allowed to control in Santa Maria Oceanic Positions without supervision.

To Request Oceanic Training you should visit this webpage: https://pt.ivao.aero/portal/training/gca



Purpose

This page establishes standard procedures for the control of the North Atlantic HLA airspace by Santa Maria OCC including coordination and transfer of control of flights to//from adjacent Units



Description of Airspace and Sectors

For the moment, Santa Maria OCC position acts as a combined sector for the entire FIR. However, in case of events, subsectors may be created ad-hoc. The Delivery position shall only be opened after the main Oceanic position (SMO) is open.

Sector Frequency Identifier Code
Santa Maria Radio 133.550 (13355.0 kHz) LPPO_OCC_CTR SMO
Santa Maria Delivery 132.075 MHz LPPO_D_CTR SMD
Santa Maria Radar 132.150 MHz LPPO_TMA_CTR TMA

Lppo airspace.png


A Combined position can also be opened, by local controllers with OCC Endorsement, or by Guest Controllers that have both Oceanic and Santa Maria Domestic GCAs. Identifier will be LPPO_CTR and frequency 133.550 MHz. This position is then responsible for the entire FIR, providing Oceanic Services and domestic services to the islands.



Santa Maria TMA

Inside the Oceanic Airspace, there is a TMA Sector, with an upper flight level of 285, controlled by Santa Maria Radar. By local procedures, and if this station is active in simultaneous with the Santa Maria Oceanic Sector, a delegation occurs for traffic inside Radar Coverage as depicted in the following:

Lppo radar.PNG

When traffic is under Radar Control, position reports are no longer needed, so coordination needs to be done between the Radar and the Oceanic controllers to update the estimates over the next fix outside radar coverage.

When traffic is reaching the coverage area (this is noted by the ADS-B/C position reports), SMO Controller shall instruct the traffic to Standby for Santa Maria Radar Frequency, and advise the TMA Controller that a handoff was made. TMA Controller shall, when a radar contact is noticed, initiate contact with the traffic and assign a Squawk code before Radar Separation can be applied and Position Reports Suspended.

This procedure is only applicable if the TMA Controller is also Oceanic rated.

Phraseology Sequence

When traffic is approaching the Radar Coverage,

  • SMO: "Speedbird 188, Stand-by for Santa Maria Radar on 132.150 MHz"
  • Pilot: "Standing by Santa Maria Radar on 132.150 MHz, Speedbird 188"

  • When TMA Controller notices the traffic entering coverage,

  • TMA: "Speedbird 188, Santa Maria Radar"
  • Pilot: "Santa Maria Radar, Speedbird 188, pass your message"
  • TMA: "Speedbird 188, set squawk code 3251"
  • Pilot: "Squawk code 3251, Speedbird 188"

  • -- when correlation is obtained --

  • TMA: "Speedbird 188, Radar Identified, omit position reports"
  • Pilot: "Speedbird 188, Wilco"

  • When traffic is leaving radar coverage,

  • TMA: "Speedbird 188, report passing [next significant point] to Santa Maria Radio on 13355.0 kHz"
  • Pilot: "report passing [next significant point] to Santa Maria Radio on 13355.0 kHz, Speedbird 188"

  • Coordination

    With Oceanic Units

    Sector Coordination
    Shanwick/Gander Master Position
    EGGX_SG_CTR
    12790.0 kHz
    Handoffs to and from Shanwick/Gander should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur on the 45th Parallel. Shanwick and Gander might be open as standalone sectors after the Master Position is open.
    New York Oceanic
    KZWY_CTR
    12010.0 kHz
    Handoffs to and from New York should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur on the 40W Meridian.
    Piarco Control
    TTPZ_CTR
    12370.0 kHz
    Handoffs to and from Piarco Control should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur when crossing the border
    Canarias Control
    GCCO_CTR
    13300.0 kHz
    Handoffs to and from Canarias Control should be coordinated on an individual basis as the majority of flights will be on random tracks. Ideally transfer of communications should occur when crossing the border


    With Radar Units

    Sector Westbound Eastbound
    Lisboa Control Oceanic clearances must be obtained by the latest 40 Minutes prior to entrypoint. Lisboa Control is therefore to release aircraft to meet that deadline accordingly. A coordination message should be sent to Lisbon around 5 Minutes prior to reaching the exit point quoting Level, Speed, ETA for the point and destination.
    LPPC_CTR
    130.900 MHz
    ABALO, IRKID, NAVIX, MANOX, LUTAK, KOMUT, GUNTI, ERPES, DETOX, BANAL, ARMED, RETEN
    Madrid Control Oceanic clearances must be obtained by the latest 40 Minutes prior to entrypoint. Madrid Control is therefore to release aircraft to meet that deadline accordingly. A coordination message should be sent to Madrid around 5 Minutes prior to reaching the exit point quoting Level, Speed, ETA for the point and destination.
    LECM_R1_CTR
    135.700 MHz
    RETEM, MUDOS, KOPAS, HIDRA, PASAS
    Sal Control Oceanic clearances must be obtained by the latest 40 Minutes prior to entrypoint. Madrid Control is therefore to release aircraft to meet that deadline accordingly. A coordination message should be sent to Sal around 5 Minutes prior to reaching the exit point quoting Level, Speed, ETA for the point and destination.
    GVSC_CTR
    119.700 MHz
    XIBOT, VEPOP, ERNEK, ULTEM, BAMUX


    ATIS

    ATC Position: Santa Maria Radio

    Remarks: Clearance to be obtained NO LATER than 40 Mins prior to Entry / Position reports mandatory and to include: Callsign, Waypoint, Time, FL, Mach, NAME+ETA of next waypoint/ Name ONLY of waypoint thereafter / For further Info please consult occ.ivao.aero/wiki

    Add if the position opened is LPPO_CTR: Radar service available within SSR/ADS-B/MLAT coverage | Covering Azores islands